All covered entities (which include medical accounts receivable companies as well as physicians) need to understand exactly what Protected Health Information (PHI) is.
PHI is considered:
Individually well-known health information held or fed by a covered thing or its business associate.
This includes any health information (which reaches to market data) that is related to: sức khỏe và sắc đẹp
Past, present or future physical or mental health condition
The health care provision
Past, present or future payments of health care by the person
The Privacy Rule
The privacy rule contains national standards for the protection of individually well-known health information. The rule, established in 2000, tries to make sure the individual information is appropriately protected. At the same time it has to allow the proper flow of health information necessary to ensure high quality health care and protect the well-being and health of the general public.
The rule requires privacy protection safeguards, sets limits on the uses of the information (if done without patient authorization) and accessories patient protection under the law concerning their health information.
The Privacy Rule and How it Affects PHI
There are three main situations when PHI can be exposed according to the privacy rule:
As the Privacy Rule allows
If it is authorized on paper by the individual
As part of HHS complying investigation, review or enforcement action
Permitted Use and Disclosure
Following are some ways PHI can be used without an persons consent:
For treatment payment and health care operations
In an incident to an otherwise permitted use. This could happen if a hospital visitor overhears two doctors discussing ones own healthcare while they are deciding on treatment.
Public interest as required by court order, FDA, law enforcement or as a result of legal issue
A restricted data set is allowed when it comes to research with a data use agreement
Covered Entities Notice of Policy Practice
Covered entities must provide realises of their privacy practice to include: PHI use and disclosure permitted and used; duties to protect privacy; a privacy practice notice; a protection under the law and grievance process if those protection under the law have been dishonored; and a point of contact for more information and to receive complaints.
The Notice of Privacy Practice must be distributed to each individual no later than the first service encounter. It needs to be carried out with a prompt emailing and posted over the internet of the covered thing.